How does ultrasonic scaler work?

With the development of personal hygiene,tooth cleaning becomes a “fashion” and indispensable “program” for more and more people.And unavoidably,we’ll get in touch with the ultrasonic scaler which could be found at every clinic.So here comes the question,how does it work?

Dental plaque is the main cause of gum disease, and when this film of bacteria is allowed to form on the teeth, it can harden to create a tough substance known as tartar.

Unfortunately, once plaque has hardened into tartar, you won’t be able to remove it on your own, and you’ll need to take a trip to the dentist for a proper cleaning.



The purpose of visiting your dentist every six months is to have your teeth cleaned by a professional hygienist who is trained to remove plaque and tartar deposits. When these hard deposits on the teeth are removed, the process is known as “scaling.” This can be completed by using either handheld dental scalers or through the use of a newer technology known as ultrasonic scaling. Find out how ultrasonic scaling works and why patients are beginning to prefer this cleaning method.

Using ultrasonic scalers is to facilitate the removal and elimination of agents which cause inflammation to the teeth, plaque and its products, as well as calculus. The term “calculus” is used to refer to a kind of dental plaque that has hardened over time. This condition is caused by the consistent accumulation of saliva on the plaque, and which may already be deposited on the teeth. With the rough surface providing a favorable environment for the increased formation of calculus, dental ultrasonic scalers make for a viable choice of equipment fit for use in eliminating this problem.

How Ultrasonic Scaling Works

An ultrasonic scaler consists of a thin tip that is held against the tooth. It produces sound waves, and when these waves bounce off the teeth, plaque and tartar will be broken apart. Even especially hard tartar can be easily broken up, and the debris will be washed away via the water that is released from the scaler. Traditional hand scaling methods could damage the tooth’s enamel, and since only vibrations are used to clean the teeth rather than scraping by hand, the patient will experience a more comfortable procedure.

Scaling, when done professionally and thoroughly, ensures that the periodontium is free of harmful agents and disease. The periodontium is the mass of tissues which surround the teeth and provide support for the same. As a result of using these ultrasonic scalers effectively the teeth are maintained securely in the maxillary and mandibular bones, and which in turn helps to keep your teeth strong.

In performing its function the tip of the ultrasonic scalers vibrates following a pattern which depends on the power rating as well as the type. The water gets energy in the process of passing over the tip in order to provide cavitations and thus create an action similar to that of scouring.

Dental ultrasonic scalers work rapidly during the removal of calculus from the surfaces of the teeth. They do this via vibration actions ranging between twenty thousand and forty five thousand times per second. Most of the power, and consequently heat, for this device is focused at the tip, and which is effectively cooled using a jet of water. It is thus important to keep the scaling tip in motion over the teeth because of the heat that it generates. www.denshine.com, as well as other professionals in the field, advises that no more than ten seconds should be spent on the same tooth. In addition to this, only a single ounce of pressure needs to be used. It is obviously important to provide and follow the stipulated guidelines and especially when it comes to people’s health. For this reason, this procedure should only be carried out by professional dentists as any errors may even result in patients losing their teeth.

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